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currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Official languages
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Literacy rate
National anthem
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Coat of arms
Nepal profile
landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively
Nepal history
In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing 10-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nationwide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country's first president in July. Between 2008 and 2011 there have been four different coalition governments, led twice by the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, which received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, and twice by the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist. In August 2011, Baburam BHATTARAI of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoaist) became prime minister. After the Constituent Assembly (CA) failed to draft a constitution by the May 2012 deadline, BHATTARAI dissolved the CA and called for new elections. Despite months of negotiations, the parties have not yet agreed to a new election date. In the meantime, BHATTARAI leads a caretaker government.
interesting Nepal facts
Conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Conventional short form: Nepal
Local long form: Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal
Local short form: Nepal
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Nepal's capital city is Kathmandu
amazing Nepal facts
Nepal Constitution:
15 January 2007 (interim Constitution)
Nepal facts for kids
Nepal population growth rate: 1.77%
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Nepal highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (highest point in the world)
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Nepal lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
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About 16% of Nepal's land is arable.
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Karnali River is the Longest River in Nepal
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Nepal birth rate is 22 births/1,000 population
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Nepal infant mortality rate is 43 deaths/1,000 live births
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Nepal fertility rate is 2.36 children born/woman
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Nepal climate:
varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
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Top 10 cities of Nepal with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Kathmandu: 790,612
2. Pokhara: 186,410
3. Lalitpur: 183,316
4. Biratnagar: 168,331
5. Birganj: 133,244
6. Dharan: 128,605
7. Bharatpur: 117,162
8. Bhin Dutta: 99,124
9. Butwal: 91,737
10. Hetauda: 84,800
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Nepal ethnic groups:
Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8%
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Nepal Exports:
clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, pashima, jute goods
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Nepal Imports:
petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine
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unicameral Constituent Assembly (601 seats; 240 members elected by direct popular vote, 335 by proportional representation, and 26 appointed by the Cabinet (Council of Ministers)

Administrative Divisions:
14 zones (anchal, singular and plural).
1. Bagmati
2. Bheri
3. Dhawalagiri
4. Gandaki
5. Janakpur
6. Karnali
7. Kosi
8. Lumbini
9. Mahakali
10. Mechi
11. Narayani
12. Rapti
13. Sagarmatha
14. Seti
Political parties and leaders:
Chure Bhawar Rastriya Ekata Party - Himalaya Bhakta PRADHANGA
Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist Leninist (CPN-ML) - C.P. MAINALI
Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist Leninist Samaibadi - Jaqat Bahadur BOGATI
Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist - Mohan BAIDYA, also known as KIRAN
Communist Party of Nepal-Unified - Raj Singh SHRIS
Communist Party of Nepal-United - Chandra Dev JOSHI
Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) - Jhalanath KHANAL
Dalit Janajati Party - Vishwendraman PASHWAN
Federal Democratic National Forum - Khagendra MAKHAIM
Federal Democratic National Forum - Tharuhat - Rukmini CHAUDHARY
Federal Democratic National Party - Ravindra THING
Federal Socialist Party - Ashok RAI
Federal Sadbhayana Party - Anil JHAL
Janta Dal United - Biswonath Prasad AGRAWAL
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Democratic - Bijay Kumar GACHHADAR
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Nepal - Upendra YADAV
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Republic - Raj Kishore YADAV
National Madhes Socialist Party - Sharat Singh BHANDARI
Nepal Loktantrik Samajbadi Dal - Laxmi Lal CHAUDBARY
Nepal Pariwar Dal - Eknath DHAKAL
Nepal Workers and Peasants Party - Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE
Nepali Congress (NC) - Sushil KOIRALA
Nepali Janata Dal - Hari Charan SAH
Newa Rastriya Party - Keshav Man SHAKYA
Rastriya Janamorcha - Chitra Bahadur K.C.
Rastriya Janamukti Party - Malwar Singh THAPA
Rastriya Janashakti Party (RJP) - Surya Bahadur THAPA
Rastriya Prajantantra Party - Pashupati Shumsher RANA
Rastriya Prajantantra Party Nepal - Kamal THAPA
Sadbhavana Party - Rajendra MAHATO
Sadbhavana Party-Anandi Devi - Sarita GIRI
Samajbadi Prajatantrik Janata Party Nepal - Prem Bahadur SINGH
Social Democratic Party - Chaitanya SUBBA
Terai Madhes Democratic Party - Mahantha THAKUR
Terai Madhes Democratic Party-Nepal - Mahendra YADAVI
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) - Pushpa Kamal DAHAL, also known as PRACHANDA